- On 28 Dec 2001 at 10:42:21, "Diederik Vansassenbroeck" (diederik.vansassenbroeck.at.rug.ac.be) sent the message

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Dear,

we are currently working with gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB or liquid

XTC). After an intravenous infusion in the rat, the plasma

concentration-time curve can be adequately described with a

two-compartment model with Michaelis-Menten elimination kinetics:

dC1/dt =3D R/Vc - Cld*C1/Vc + Cld*C2/Vc - Vmax*C1/(Km+C1)*Vc

where dC1/dt is the rate of decline of drug concentration at time t,

VC the distribution volume of the central compartment, R the infusion

rate, Cld the intercompartmental clearance, C1 the concentration in

the central compartment, C2 the concentration in the peripheral

compartment, Vmax the theoretical maximum rate of the elimination and

Km the Michaelis-Menten constant.

We have two questions:

1. Does anybody know how to calculate the area under the curve from

Time 0 to infinity ?

2. After pre-treatment of rats with a drug, we find an increase in

Vmax of GHB treated rats (induction of the metabolism), but also an

increase in Km (decreased affinity). Does anybody have an explanation

for this ?

Sincerely yours,

Diederik

Dr. D. Van Sassenbroeck

Heymans Institute for Pharmacology

De Pintelaan 185

B-9000 Gent

TEL : +32 (0)9 240 33 56

FAX : +32 (0)9 240 49 88

e-mail : diederik.vansassenbroeck.-at-.rug.ac.be - On 29 Dec 2001 at 12:51:42, "David M. Foster" (foster.at.saam.com) sent the message

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The following message was posted to: PharmPK

In terms of the AUC, probably the best thing to do is estimate it. To do

this, you need to solve your model (let it integrate) for longer than the

time of the experiment. I use as an initial (ad hoc)guess three times the

inverse of the smallest rate constant. Then what you have to do is let the

time increase until the value of the difference between two successive AUC's

is below some tolerable limit (usually .5 to 1%).

Of course in some nonlinear models, this may never happen. In this case,

you should be okay.

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